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Backbone:
The back of a bound book connecting the two covers: also called spine.
  
Back Slit:
Linear cuts put in the liner while on press to meet specialized end use requirements.
   
Backing Up:
Printing the reverse side of a sheet already printed on one side.
  
Bad Break:
In composition, starting a page or ending a paragraph with a single word, or widow.
  
Banding:
A visible stair stepping of shades in a gradient.
   
Barcode:
In optical reading, a binary coding system using bars of varying thickness or position in the encoded field.  The codes are normally machine printed.
  
Baseline:
Imaginary line on which the upper and lowercase letters of a font sit, only descenders extend below it.
  
Basic Size:
In inches, 25 x 38 for book papers, 20 x 26 for cover papers, 221/2 x 281/2 or 221/2 x 35 for bristols, 251/2 x 301/2 for index.
  
Basis Weight:
The weight in pounds of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to a given standard size for that grade; e.g., 500 sheets of 25" x 38", 80-lb. coated book paper weigh 80 pounds.
  
Bearers:
In presses, the flat surfaces or rings at the ends of cylinders that come in contact with each other during printing and serve as a basis for determining packing thickness.
  
Bezier Curve:
In object-oriented software programs, a curve whose shape is defined by anchor points set along its arc.
  
Bimetal Plate:
In lithography, a plate used for long runs in which the printing image base is usually copper and the nonprinting area is aluminum, stainless steel, or chromium.
 
Bit:
(Binary digit) In computers, the basic unit of digital information; contraction of BInary digiT.
  
Bit Depth:
The number of bits used to define a devices capability of reproducing colors.
 
Bit-Mapped:
An image formed by a rectangular grid of pixels.  The computer assigns a value to each pixel, from one bit of information for black or white, to as much as 24 bits per pixel for full-color images.
  
Bit-Mapped Grapics:
The graphic is stored as a map of dots.  If you double the size of the graphic, you double the size of the pixel, making the object appear ragged.
  
Black-and-White:
Originals or reproductions in single color, as distinguished from multicolor.
  
Black Printer:
In color reproduction, the black plate, made to increase contrast of dark tones and/or make them neutral.
 
Blanket:
In offset printing, a rubber-surfaced fabric that is clamped around a cylinder, to which the image is transferred from the plate, and from which it is transferred to the paper.
  
Bleed:
An extra amount of printed image that extends beyond the trim edge of the sheet or page.
  
Blind Image:
In lithography, an image that has lost its ink receptivity and fails to print.
 
Blowup:
An image enlargement.
  
Blown-On Labels:
A method of label application that uses air pressure to remove a label from the carrier and position it on a substrate.
  
Blueprint:
In offset lithography and photoengraving, a photoprint made form stripped-up negatives or positives, used as a proof to check position of image elements.
 
Body:
In inkmaking, a term referring to the viscosity, or consistency, of an ink (e.g., an ink with too much body is stiff).
  
Body Type:
A type used for the main part or text of a printed piece, as distinguished from the heading.
 
Bold-Face Type:
A name given to type that is heavier than the text type with which it is used.
 
Bond Paper:
A grade of writing or printing paper where strength, durability and performance are essential requirements; used for letterheads, business forms, etc. The basic size is 17" x 22".
  
Book Paper:
A general term for coated and uncoated papers.  The basic size is 25" x 38".
 
Bounding Box:
An invisible box defining the edges of an item in some applications.
 
Break for Color:
In artwork and composition, to seperate the parts to be printed in different colors.
 
Break:
A tear in a fanfolded stack of pressure sensitive labels.
  
Brightness:
In photography, light reflected by the copy.  In paper, the reflectance or brilliance of the paper.
  
Brochure:
A pamplet bound in booklet form.
 
Bronzing:
Printing with a sizing ink, then applying bronze powder while still wet to produce a metallic luster.
 
Bulk:
The degree of thickness of paper.  In book printing, the number of pages per inch for a given basis weight.
 
Bulletin Boards:
These are computer systems to which other computers can connect so users can read and leave messages or retrieve and leave files.  Often, there's a charge to use them.
 
Bump Exposure:
In photography, an exposure in halftone photography, especially with contact screens, in which the screen is removed for a short time.  It increases highlight contrast and drops out the dots in whites.
  
Burn:
In platemaking, a common term used for a plate exposure.
  
Burster:
A mechanical device used to separate cross-web perfs at intermediate locations between labels.
  
Bus:
A series of wires or paths along which information is shared within a computer or between one device and another.
 
Butt:
To adjoin without overlapping, as, for example, two pieces of film or two colors of ink.
 
Butt-cut Labels:
Labels separated by a single knife cut through the face material. No matrix is removed between labels.
  
Byte:
In computers, a unit of digital information, equivalent to one character or 8 to 32 bits.
 
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AVERY®, CD STOMPER®, and STOMPER™ labels are manufactured by Avery Dennison. AVERY®, CD STOMPER®, and STOMPER® are registered trademarks of that company. Compulabel.com does not manufacture or sell AVERY®, CD STOMPER®, and STOMPER™ brand products.  Avery Dennison product code numbers are trademarks of Avery Dennison.

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